Wisdom teeth and Sedation: what you need to know
We have all most probably been privy to plenty of comical videos of people under the effects of sedation after undergoing wisdom teeth extraction surgery. So what is the big deal exactly with sedation and wisdom teeth surgery?
First thing, what are wisdom teeth and do people need to remove these?
Wisdom teeth are the last teeth of all 32 total to emerge. Normally, these teeth will pierce through your gums between the ages of 17 and 24. In the dental field, wisdom teeth are referred to as third molars, as they make up the third set of molars that humans develop in their mouth- two on the upper jaw and two on the bottom jaw.
So why would anyone have to remove these wisely teeth? As it turns out, a large majority of wisdom teeth are impacted. Impacted wisdom teeth are teeth that either do not have enough space to erupt properly, are crooked and pushing on neighbouring teeth, or only partially emerge, all situations which will cause either gum disease, cysts and damage to adjacent teeth.
To remove or not to remove?
To remove or not to remove? This is an answer to be provided by an oral surgeon or dentist after evaluating whether wisdom teeth are impacted or not. To bear in mind is that not all wisdom teeth need to be removed!
Given that teeth removed before the age of 20 usually have developed fewer roots and have fewer complications, the American Dental Association recommends that people between the ages of 16 and 19 have their wisdom teeth evaluated to assess whether these need to be removed.
“If you’re between the ages of 16 and 19, the American Dental Association recommends to get your wisdom teeth evaluated”
Why do people undergo wisdom teeth removal surgery?
It’s very simple: to make sure that oral hygiene is not negatively affected by the effect that impacted wisdom teeth could have.
What is sedation and why is it used for wisdom teeth removal surgery?
Sedation in dentistry uses medications as a way to relax uncomfortable patients that have fear or anxiety over a dental surgical procedure. The role of sedation is to relax patients to the extent that they are much less aware of their surroundings. This allows patients to undergo a procedure without being aware of any unpleasant sensations. Patients tend to become very drowsy but usually remain conscious during the procedure. Dr. Antoine Chehade and Dr. Marc Shenouda stress the benefits of using IV sedation for wisdom teeth removal surgery, as this modality of anesthesia tends to allow the vast majority of patients to undergo most treatments in a very comfortable and safe way.
Effects of sedation after wisdom teeth surgery
The effect of sedation should dissipate a couple of hours post-surgery. However, the patient will remain groggy immediately after the procedure and will need someone to drive him or her back home.
Why should anyone be seen by an oral surgeon for this procedure?
Oral & Maxillofacial Surgeons are dentists who go through an extra 5 years of post-graduate training to become experts in a wide variety of oral surgical procedures (ranging from jaw surgery, trauma reconstruction, dental implants and complex dental extractions). Specialists in oral surgery are trained in dealing with very complex and the standard removal of third molars. Further, during their hospital-based surgical residency, Oral surgeons are trained in all aspects of administering anaesthesia. Thus providing the safest procedure possible for their patients, with the least possible risks and complications.
If you have any other question on your wisdom teeth, we encourage you to contact us for a consultation at your earliest convenience. We are always ready and happy to help and wish you the best of luck in your decision! Please note that you do not need a referral from your dentist to come see us directly!